GMAT Syllabus 2021 – Download Section Wise Syllabus PDF

GMAT Syllabus 2021 – Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC) has released the GMAT 2021 syllabus. The whole GMAT 2021 syllabus is divided into four sections i.e., analytical writing, integrated reasoning, quantitative aptitude, and verbal reasoning. This exam is conducted every year for the candidates seeking admission in graduate management programs of different business schools. The official website of GMAT 2021 is In this article, we have provided the entire syllabus, exam pattern, recommended books, and preparation tips for GMAT 2021.

GMAT Syllabus 2021

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GMAT Syllabus comprises 4 Sections i.e., analytical writing, integrated reasoning, quantitative aptitude, and verbal reasoning. Candidates can refer to the section below to know more about GMAT 2021 Syllabus.

GMAT Syllabus 2021 for Analytical Writing

In this section, Passages will be provided and candidates will have to read and answer the questions asked. This section analyzes your grammatical, vocabulary, and communication skills. Passage’s topic can be of any domain. You’ll have to showcase your ideas and creativity in this section. Your ideas will need to be Fully developed and organized. For this section, you’ll be provided 30 minutes to solve one question. Specific knowledge of the essay topic is not necessary, only your capacity to write Analytically will be assessed. There can be either of these two types of passages –

  • Issue essay – In this section, candidates will have to write an essay on a particular issue provided within 600 words. Candidates can give their own opinion or views towards the given issue.
  • Argument essay – In this section, candidates will have to analyse the Reasoning in the given argument. Make sure your answer will be judged on the basis of how well you put it.

Analysis of an Argument in Analytical writing section

In this section, you’ll have to discuss and showcase how well reasoned you find a given argument. You’ll have to analyze the line of reasoning and use of evidence in the argument. Before writing, evaluate the whole argument and then plan your response. Make sure you’ll only have 30 minutes for this section so, along with solving the problem you’ll have to manage time.

Analytical writing assessment rescoring service

AWA essays are scored by trained human raters and machine algorithms. If there’s a disparity between the algorithm score and the human score, The score will again be reviewed by a human rater. You may request rescoring of your AWA by an independent reader for a fee of US$45. Requests for Rescoring should be done within six months of your test date. Requests received after that will be rejected.

Things to Know about Rescoring –

  • You can only request for one Rescoring i.e., Rescoring results will be final and you’ll not be able to submit another request.
  • Rescoring can result in either increase or decrease in your original AWA score.
  • The Rescoring fee is not refundable. i.e, Once your Rescoring request starts processing your fee will not be refunded.
  • To request Rescoring, You’ll have to contact the GMAT Customer service.
  • Revised result will be sent to you and the programs you designated as score recipients approximately 20 days after your score is received.
  • Note : Rescoring is not allowed for Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative and Verbal Reasoning section.

GMAT Syllabus 2021 for Integrated Reasoning

This section is newly added to GMAT Syllabus. It includes questions from Data interpretation. There will be a total of 12 questions from this section and they will be in the form of graphs, passages, or tables. Four types of questions are asked from this section. Many questions in this section will have more than one correct answer. You’ll be provided 30 minutes to solve this section and you can use an Online calculator to answer during this 30 minutes.

This section checks your ability in :

  • Your way of dealing with the information presented in texts graphics and numbers.
  • How you evaluate relevant data from different sources.
  • How you organize informations in interrelated problems to see the relationship between them.
  • The way you deal with the complex problems by combining or manipulating information from different sources.

There will be questions from these four portions in the Integrated Reasoning section –

  • Table analysis – Candidates will have to analyse the data which is given in the form of a table. Mainly this section comprises of topics like Ratios, Statistics or Probability.
  • Two-Part Analysis – This section includes questions like verbal, quantitative or a combination of both. It analyses your ability on how you deal with the complex problems. Your ability to evaluate trade-off, solve simultaneous equations and discern relationship between two entities is measured.
  • Multi-source Reasoning – This section includes questions in the form of tables, graphics or charts. Candidates will have to analyse each source of data carefully and draw inferences. Some questions will require you to recognise discrepancies among different source of data and some will ask you to determine whether the data is relevant or not.
  • Graphics Interpretation – It measures candidate’s ability to interpret the information presented in the form of a graph or graphical image ( x/y graph, bar chart or pie chart) to find relationship and make inferences.

GMAT Syllabus 2021 for Quantitative Aptitude

Quantitative aptitude comprises of two sections which are – Data Sufficiency and Problem-solving, both of these sections will have 18 questions.

Problem Solving – It analyses your ability in the portion of Analytical Reasoning to solve Quantitative problems.

Data Sufficiency – It analyses your ability on how you deal with quantitative problems or recognize which data is relevant or irrelevant. In this section, you’ll be provided a question having two statements. And out of these two statements, according to your knowledge of maths and everyday facts you’ll have to answer the question.

The following topics will come under this section-

  • Arithmetic
  • Algebra
  • Geometry
  • Integers
  • Permutation and combination
  • Linear equations
  • Exponents and roots
  • Ratio proportions
  • Mensuration
  • Word problems
  • Statistics
  • Percentages

GMAT Syllabus 2021 for Verbal Reasoning

This Verbal Ability section will have 36 questions and you’ll get 65 minutes to solve these questions. This section is later on divided into Critical reasoning, Reading comprehension, and Sentence correction. Critical reasoning questions and Reading comprehension have sub-types that are designed to specific verbal skills.

Reading comprehension

  • It analyses your ability to understand words & statements, the logical relationship between significant points, how you draw inferences and follow the development of quantitative concepts. Most importantly your skills in the following will be tested : main idea, supporting idea, inference, logical structure, application and style.
  • The Reading comprehension will have questions that asks you to interpret material, draw inferences or apply to a further context. The passages topics can be related to social sciences and humanities, physical and biological sciences or a business related field.

Critical Reasoning

  • It analyses your ability on how you make arguments, evaluate arguments and formulate or evaluate a plan of action.
  • Question from this section will be based on a short reading passage, usually fewer than 100 words. Basically, these short texts will have a question that’ll ask you which of the five answer option strengthens or weakens an argument, tells why the argument is flawed, or strongly supports or damages the argument.

Sentence correction

  • This section measures two broad aspects of your language proficiency. First, correct expression, referring to sentences that are grammatically and structurally sound. Second, effective expression, referring to sentences that effectively express an idea or relationship clearly, concisely and grammatically.
  • In sentence correction questions, you’ll be provided a sentence, part or all of which will be underlined. And you’ll be provided five ways to re-phrase the underlined part. Paying attention to grammar, word choice and sentence construction you’ll have to choose the most appropriate answer.

Following portions will come under this section –

  • Critical Reasoning
  • Sentence correction
  • Unseen passages
  • Countable vs Uncountable
  • Parallelism
  • Rhetorical construction of the sentences
  • Phrases and Clauses
  • Active to Passive
  • Idioms and Modifiers
  • Parts of speech
  • Direct and indirect speech

Recommended books for GMAT 2021

Candidates can refer to the following books which are suggested by Experts and Toppers.

Book NamesBuying Links
GMAT Official GuideClick Here
The Critical Reasoning Bible by David M. Killoran Click Here
GMAT Sentence correction strategy guide (Manhattan Prep)Click Here
GMAT Advanced Quant (Manhattan Prep)Click Here
A modern approach to Logical reasoning by R.S. AggarwalClick Here
Data interpretation and Data Sufficiency by Arihant ExpertsClick Here
How to prepare for Quantitative Aptitude by Arun SharmaClick Here
A Communicative Grammar of English by Geoffrey LeechClick Here
30 Days to a More Powerful Vocabulary by Wilfred Funk and Norman LewisClick Here

GMAT 2021 Exam Pattern

Candidates can refer to the following information for the exam official GMAT 2021 exam pattern.

  • Mode of Examination – Online mode (Computer based test – CBT)
  • Total No. of questions – 80
  • Total Duration – 3.5 hours
  • Language – English
  • Type of questions – Multiple Choice questions (MCQs)
  • Total number of section – 4
  • Negative marking – There will no negative marking.

Section-wise Question distribution

SectionNumber of Questions
Analytical Writing01
Integral Reasoning12
Verbal Reasoning36
Quantitative Reasoning31

GMAT 2021 Marking Scheme

There will be total 79 objective type questions in GMAT 2021. Here we have provided the score range of each section.

SectionScore Range
Analytical Writing0-6
Integrated Reasoning1-8
Verbal Reasoning6-51
Quantitative Aptitude6-51

GMAT 2021 Preparation Tips

Once you have attained the knowledge of the GMAT syllabus and exam pattern, you can move to the preparation part. Candidates can refer to the following information for preparation of the GMAT. The tips are given by different toppers and exam experts.

  • At first, one must understand the examination pattern, Syllabus and Marking Scheme of GMAT 2021.
  • After understanding the whole pattern, start studying the topics in which you’re good and that you understand better. This will help you in completing the syllabus more fast.
  • After completing the syllabus, Start the revision session. Try to solve previous year questions and sample papers. Give mock tests. Analyse your accuracy and speed.
  • For Quantitative Aptitude section, focus on important topics like Algebra, Arithmetic, Mensuration, Geometry, Integers etc.
  • It is advised during exams to start from the easy questions and then go to the difficult ones.
  • Don’t assume or predict answers. Read the question properly and then try to solve it.
  • Read blogs, articles, newspaper and editorials to enhance your reading, writing and vocabulary skills. Give more time to the topics you find difficult during preparation. Be confident and consistent and achieve your goals.

FAQs about GMAT 2021 Syllabus

Q. What are the various sections in GMAT 2021 ?

There will be total 4 sections in GMAT 2021 Examination –
1. Analytical writing
2. Integrated reasoning
3. Verbal reasoning
4. Quantitative aptitude

Q. What is the duration of GMAT 2021 ?

The total duration of GMAT 2021 Examination is 3.5 hours.

Q. Is there any negative marking in GMAT 2021 ?

No, There will be no negative marking for any unattempted questions or wrong answers.

Q. How many questions will be there in Integral Reasoning section ?

There will be total 12 questions in Integral Reasoning section.

Q. How many questions will be there in Quantitative Aptitude section ?

There will be total 31 questions in Quantitative Aptitude section.

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