GATE 2021 Syllabus for Architecture and Planning (AR) – Download PDF

GATE 2021 Syllabus for Architecture and Planning
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GATE 2021 Syllabus for Architecture and Planning – For GATE 2021 Architecture & Planning Engineering syllabus, candidates can check this page. The syllabus for all the subjects in GATE 2021 will be different. The syllabus for AR includes 8 broad sections. These 8 sections further contain topics and subtopics. In the exam, 55 questions will be asked from the syllabus of AR and the remaining 10 questions will be asked from the General Aptitude section. Candidates will find the syllabus for all the subject of the website of GATE 2021. Candidates are advised to stick to the syllabus prescribed.

GATE 2021 Syllabus for Architecture and Planning

The syllabus of Architecture and Planning in GATE 2021 includes topics like Architecture and Design, Building Materials, Construction and Management, Building and Structures, Environmental Planning and Design, Urban Design, Urban Planning and Housing, Planning Techniques and Management, Services, Infrastructures and Transportation.

Part A: General


Section 1:
Architecture, Planning and Design Architectural Graphics; Visual composition in 2D and 3D; Computer application in Architecture and Planning; Anthropometrics; Organization of space; Circulation- horizontal and vertical; Space Standards; Universal design; Building Byelaws; Codes and standards;


Section 2: Construction and Management Project management techniques e.g. PERT, CPM etc. ; Estimation and Specification; Professional practice and ethics; Form and Structure; Principles and design of disaster-resistant structures; Temporary structures for rehabilitation;


Section 3: Environmental Planning and Design Natural and man-made ecosystem; Ecological principles; Environmental considerations in Planning and design; Environmental pollution- types, causes, controls, and abatement strategies; Sustainable development, goals and strategies; Climate change and built
environment; Climate responsive design;


Section 4: Urban Design, landscape and Conservation Historical and modern examples of urban design; Elements of urban built environment – urbanform, spaces, structure, pattern, fabric, texture, grain etc.; Concepts and theories of urban design; Principles, tools and techniques of urban design; Public spaces, character, spatial qualities and Sense of Place; Urban design interventions for sustainable development and transportation; Development controls – FAR, densities and building byelaws.; Urban renewal and conservation; heritage conservation; historical public spaces and gardens; Landscape design; Site planning;

Section 5: Planning process Salient concepts, theories and principles of urban planning; concepts of cities – Eco-City, Smart City; Concepts and theories by trendsetting planners and designers; Ekistics; Urban sociology; Social, Economic and environmental cost benefit analysis; Methods of non-spatial and spatial
data analysis; Development guidelines such as URDPFI;


Section 6:
Housing – Housing typologies; Concepts, principles and examples of neighborhood; Residential densities; Affordable Housing; Real estate valuation;

Section 7: Services and Infrastructure – Firefighting Systems; Building Safety and Security systems; Building Management Systems; Water treatment; Water supply and distribution system; Water harvesting systems; Principles, Planning and Design of storm water drainage system; Sewage disposal methods; Methods of solid waste management – collection, transportation and disposal; Recycling and Reuse of solid waste; Land-use – transportation – urban form inter-relationships; Design of roads, intersections, grade separators and parking areas; Hierarchy of roads and level of service; Para-transits and other modes of transportation, Pedestrian and slow moving traffic planning;

Part B1: Architecture


Section B1
.1: History and Contemporary Architecture – Principles of Art and Architecture; World History of Architecture: Egyptian, Greco-Roman classical period, Byzantine, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque-Rococo, etc.; Recent trendsin Contemporary Architecture: Art nouveau, Art Deco, Eclecticism, International styles, Post Modernism, Deconstruction in architecture, etc.; Influence of Modern art and Design in Architecture; Indian vernacular and traditional Architecture, Oriental Architecture; Works of renowned national and international architects;


Section B1.2: Building Construction and Structural systems – Building construction techniques, methods and details; Building systems and prefabrication of
building elements; Principles of Modular Coordination; Construction planning and equipment; Building material characteristics and applications; Principles of strength of materials; Alternative building materials; Foundations; Design of structural elements with different materials; Elastic and Limit State design; Structural systems; Principles of Pre-stressing; High Rise and Long Span structures, gravity and lateral load resisting systems;


Section B1.3: Building Services and Sustainability – Solar architecture; Thermal, visual and acoustic comfort in built environments; Natural and Mechanical ventilation in buildings; Air-Conditioning systems; Sustainable building strategies; Building Performance Simulation and Evaluation; Intelligent Buildings; Water supply; Sewerage and drainage systems; Sanitary fittings and fixtures; Plumbing systems; Principles of internal and external drainage system; Principles of electrification of buildings; Elevators and Escalators standards and uses;


Part B2: Planning


Section B2.1: Regional and Settlement Planning –
Regional delineation; settlement hierarchy; Types and hierarchy of plans; Various schemes and programs of the central government; Transit-Oriented Development (TOD), SEZ, SRZ etc.; Public Perception and user behaviour; National Housing Policies, Programs and Schemes.; Slums Squatters and informal housing; Standards for housing and community facilities; Housing for special areas and needs;

Section B2.2: Planning Techniques and Management – Application of G.I.S and Remote Sensing techniques in urban and regional planning; Tools and
techniques of Surveys – Physical, Topographical, Land use and Socio-economic Surveys; Urban Economics, Law of demand and supply of land and its use in planning; Graphic presentation of spatial data; Local self-governance, Panchayati raj institutions; Planning Legislation and implementation – Land Acquisition Act, PPP etc.; Decision support system and Land Information System; Urban geography and econometrics; Management of Infrastructure Projects; Demography and equity in planning;


Section B2.3: Infrastructure Planning – Process and Principles of Transportation Planning and Traffic Engineering; Road capacity and Travel demand forecasting; Traffic survey methods, Traffic flow Analysis; Traffic analyses and design considerations; Traffic and transport management and control in urban areas; Mass transportation planning; Intelligent Transportation Systems; Urban and Rural Infrastructure System Network.

GATE General Aptitude Syllabus

The syllabus for General Aptitude section is identical in all the subjects of GATE 2021. The exam pattern of this section is common too in all the subject papers. There will be 10 questions in total from this section and the total marks of this section is 15. From these 10 questions, half of them will carry 1 mark each and the other half questions will carry 2 marks each. In General Aptitude section, there will be two parts – Verbal Ability and Numerical Ability. 

The syllabus for General Aptitude section is given below.

Verbal Ability: English grammar, sentence completion, verbal analogies, word groups, instructions, critical reasoning and verbal deduction. 

Numerical Ability: Numerical computation, numerical estimation, numerical reasoning and data interpretation.

GATE Architecture & Planning Engineering Mock Tests

Students must solve as many mock tests as they can to prepare for GATE 2021. We have made the mock test for Architecture & Planning available on this page. 

GATE Architecture & Planning Engineering Exam Pattern

Go through the Exam pattern and the Marking scheme before beginning your preparation. It is important to be aware of all the information related to the exam such as the mode and type of the exam, types of questions that will be asked and what is the marking system used. You can look through the exam pattern as well as the marking scheme of GATE 2021 below. 

Section Distribution of Marks  Total MarksTypes of questions
GA5 questions of 1 mark each
5 questions of 2 marks each

     15 marks 

            MCQs
AR- Subject-Based25 questions of 1 mark each
30 questions of 2 marks each 
    85 marks   MCQs and NATs
  • The exam will be a CBT (Computer Based Test) and will be conducted online. 
  • The duration is 3 hours.
  • The type questions in the exam will be MCQs and NATs
  • The total questions in the exam will be 65 and total marks will be 100. 
  • There will be 3 sections – General Aptitude, Mathematics & Subject-based.
  • There will be negative marking in the exam but only for the MCQs.

Marking scheme

Type of questionNegative marking for wrong answerMarking for correct answer
MCQsfor 1 mark questions
⅔ for 2 marks questions
1 or 2 marks
NATsNo negative marking 1 or 2 marks

How To Prepare for Architecture & Planning Engineering?

To prepare for GATE 2021, one must do smart planning and put in a lot of hard work. Since it is a highly competitive exam, you will have to make extra efforts. You should start preparing early. Begin with the easiest topics and then move onto the difficult ones. Prepare two strategies, out of which one will be for preparation and the other will be for exam. You can read below for more tips regarding the preparation of the exam. 

Start Easy

Start your GATE 2021 preparation from the easiest topics. After you have completed those, move on to the questions of medium difficulty and then finally prepare the topics that are difficult. Don’t leave easy topics for the end, always prepare them first since securing marks from those topics is assured. Similarly during the exam, always solve the easy questions first, secure those marks and only then move forward to other questions.

Learn the basics

You focus should be on understanding the basics well. Once you have gained the knowledge of the basic concept, you will be able to solve the difficult questions too based on that knowledge. Concept clarity is really important. It makes your foundation stronger. But if you oversee the basics then you will not be able to attend even the easiest questions. 

Practice Mocks

Mock tests are really important during your preparation. Take a variety of mock tests. Toppers suggests that you should practice weekly, monthly and topic-wise mock tests. Get so familiar with the mocks that the actual exam looks like a mock test too and you give it confidently. Remember to analyze your performance after every single test. Analysis of your performance is significant as it helps in observing your progress.

Solve Previous Year Question Papers 

After you have completed most of your syllabus, start solving the previous year question papers. Get yourself with the pattern of the questions along with the trend followed over the years. It will give you a fair idea about the difficulty level of the questions, the topics that are frequently asked, etc.

Revise and Revise

Revision is very important during your preparation and after you have completed your syllabus. Make revision a habit. Daily revision will help you memorize faster and better. Also it will reduce you burden of revising the entire syllabus at the end considerably. Revision should be taken very seriously. Revise each and every topic separately. Also, make notes during revision so that you can go through them anytime.

Books for Preparation 

Your GATE 2021 preparation should be done from the best material only. The best way to pick up books and other study material is to pick up those that are by renowned authors and publications. Choose the material carefully as it will determine your level of preparation. You should aim at quality and not quantity while picking up books to prepare for the exam. We have suggested a few books that you can use to prepare from.

Title of the bookName of the Author/ PublicationLink to buy
GATE 2021 – Architecture &  Planning GuideJinisha Jain LINK
GATE 2021 – Architecture &  Planning Previous Years’ Solved PapersGKPLINK
How to Crack GATE Architecture and Planning Ashok Goyal, Arjun KamalLINK

GATE 2021 Preparation FAQs 

Q1. How should I plan my preparation for GATE 2021 (AR)?
Ans. Your ideal preparation strategy should be in a way that will help you complete your syllabus in 4-5 months and the last month should be left for revision. 

Q2. How should I practice the MCQs in GATE 2021? 
Ans. For MCQs you must practice as many mock tests as you can. Also, practice from the previous years’ question papers. By practicing a variety of MCQs, you will be able to solve them accurately and in less time.  

Q3. How many books should I study for GATE 2021?
Ans. You don’t have to study from a lot of books. Just stick 1-2 books and prepare them well. 

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